Virtual reconstruction of the Acropolis of Athens

The Propylaea and of the Acropolis of Athens return to their original splendor

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Visit Virtually Athens Acropolis totally rebuilt in digital. (italian language)

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The current conditions

The current conditions of Athens acropolis have only a vague idea of the ancient splendor as. At the time of Turkish domination, Parthenon and propile were used as explosives deposits, and when the Acropolis was bombed by the Venetians, it exploded.

The Acropolis today

The Propylaea 

Acropolis plant in Roman age

A model with reconstructive hypothesis

Virtual reconstruction

In ancient times the writer Pausania in his “Description of Greece”, he described in detail the works of art and the monuments in the Acropolis. My reconstruction work is a synthesys between the current conditions of the Acropolis, hystorical researches, the official reconstructive models, the descriptions by Pausania and  in-depth  studies about Greek art, especially about the decoration. The various reconstructed monuments follow the rule of golden proportion. The reconstruction carried out is for the most accurate part of the point of view of dimensions, colors, decorations, while for the rest it is my “scenographic setting”, but still seems based on philological in-depth studies.

The outside

The entrance to the Acropolis. Having been completely destroyed, the original appearance of the great staircase is unknown. Having been built in Roman times, I designed it in this style and taking it to the bottom of the mountain.

The Acropolis entrance

View from above

View from above

The Propylaea

In the work of Pausania mentioned above, it is immediately clear that in antiquity the true attraction of the Acropolis was not at all the Parthenon, but the propile, in particular their splendid ceiling. What made propyleans a masterpiece was the fact of being a perfect synthesis among the Doric and Ionic styles, and to be able to respect the principle of golden proportion despite being built on multiple levels of height and on the mountain side! Parthenon, though older, being built on a flat base, was much more “simple” to design and build!

Obviously this difficulty has remained such in virtual reconstruction, and even greater due to the fact that the monument is in ruins and lack all the decorations. The staircase (from Roman times) then is totally destroyed, so I rebuilt it in a Roman style.

Current conditions

The entrance

Current conditions

From left: the equestrian statue of Marco Aurelio, the Picture Gallery, the center of the Propylaea

Current conditions

Entrance with the Centaurs statues

The Picture Gallery

Current conditions

The Picture Gallery

Current conditions

The Picture Gallery

The central area

Current conditions

The huge access doors to the Acropolis as they appeared to the visitor

Currently the central ramp is covered by a wooden staircase

In the distance you can see the huge statue of Athena

The central ramp as it appears today

From the central ramp you could go up with wagons and animals

Current conditions

The Propylaea central area was dominated by the Ionian order

Current conditions

The Propylaea ceiling was the main attraction of the whole Acropolis

Current conditions

The large bronze doors

Current conditions

The side to the right of the central ramp

Current conditions

Reconstructive hypothesis of the side walls

The Temple of Athena Nike

Current conditions

The right side leads to the area of the Temple of Athena Nike

Current conditions

Temple of Athena Nike with the equestrian statue in the background

The rear side

Current conditions

View of the valley from the top of the Propylaea

Current conditions

In the back there were also other statues

The central area of the Acropolis

At the center of the Acropolis there was the famous and colossal statue by Fidia dedicated to Athena Promachos, made of bronze and high 8 meters (base excluded). Next to there was a bronze group with a horse-drawn cart.

Behind there was the terrace for the procession of the Panathaneans, the Temple of the Erechtheion and other buildings including the circular temple of Rome and Augustus added in Roman era

How it looks like today

Today there is almost nothing more

Virtual reconstruction

Current conditions

View of the center of the Acropolis with the colossal statue by Fidia

Current conditions

The back of the Propylaea with the statues of the goddesses Artemis and Athena, and on the left there is Laena, the Lioness of Athens.

Current conditions

View from the back of Propylaea, with entrance to the terrace of the Chalchotecke and the Parthenon in the background

The colossal bronze statue by Fidia dedicated to Athena Promachos. It was 8 meters high (base excluded). On the right side there is the bronze group of the horse-drawn cart.

The Erechtheion on the left, and the Parthenon on the right. In the background you can see the Temple of Rome and Augustus.

Current conditions

View from the back of the Parthenon, with the Erechtheion on the right.

View from the old temple of Athena next to the Erechtheion, with the huge Athena altar on the left, in the background the circular temple of Rome and Augustus, on the right the Parthenon.

The Sanctuary of Artemide Brauronia

It is currently totally disappeared, however, from the description by Pausania, there was also a model of the Trojan horse.

How it looks like today

Today it is almost totally disappeared.

Model in the Acropolis museum

Virtual reconstruction

The Parthenon and the Chalkotheke

In the Parthenon area there was also the Chalkotheke, the deposit for votive objects and arms in the Acropolis, the sacred bronze bull, the sculptural group of Teseo and the Minotaur, a statue of Hercules, etc.

How it looks like today

As it appears today. The Chalkotheke with its terrace and part of the Parthenon’s staircase have disappeared.

Model in the Acropolis museum

Virtual reconstruction

Current conditions

The entrance to the terrace of the Chalkotheke

Current conditions

Panorama from the Chalkotheke

Current conditions

Parthenon with the sacred bronze bull on the left

Panorama from the statue of Hercules to the right of Parthenon

View from behind the sculptural group of Teseo and the Minotaur

Salvatore Scarfone
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